Latest News and Comment from Education

Saturday, November 6, 2021

THIS WEEK Education Research Report

 Education Research Report

Education Research Report

School-based screening increases identification of, treatment for depression
Students who participated in universal school-based depression screening were twice as likely to begin treatment compared to their peers who did not receive this screening, according to a new study by Penn State College of Medicine researchers. Dr. Deepa Sekhar , associate professor of pediatrics, who served as principal investigator, said the study provides important insights on how to tackle de
Where students in fall 2021 relative to grade-level standards and historical averages
This report provides a snapshot of where students are as they return to school in fall 2021 relative to grade-level standards and historical averages. It is the fourth publication in a series of research papers that examine students’ academic achievement during the pandemic. Using the i-Ready Diagnostic’s criterion-referenced grade-level placement data from more than nine million students across

NOV 04

US adolescents are receiving less sex education in key topics than 25 years ago
Only half of young people in the United States are getting sex education that meets minimum standards, according to a Rutgers researcher who found that adolescents are not receiving critical information. Of even greater concern is that a significant percentage of young people do not receive any information about birth control and sexually transmitted disease prevention before they begin to have s
The benefits of in-person schooling outweigh the risks
Reports and Proceedings AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE (AAAS) The benefits of in-person schooling with mitigations in place outweigh the risks of COVID-19 for children, write Shamez N. Ladhani and the sKIDs Investigation Team in this Perspective. School closures since the beginning of the pandemic have affected not only the education of children, the authors write, but also t

NOV 03

Sleep problems may negatively affect children’s reading ability
New research published in the British Journal of Educational Psychology suggests that sleep problems may negatively affect children’s reading ability. In the study that included 339 children aged four to 14 years, parents were asked to complete questionnaires about their children’s sleep, while the children completed a test of word reading efficiency. Children whose parents reported increased sle
Sugary drinks in preschool - bad for boys, good for girls
A new study in Health Economics finds that sugary drinks impact behavior and math scores of preschool children. In the study, investigators randomly assigned 462 children to receive sugary drinks or artificially sweetened drinks, and they collected data before and after consumption. Consuming one sugary drink tended to induce an initial ‘relaxing’ effect for boys, before making them more restless

NOV 02

Lack of sleep affecting students’ mental health especially women
Daytime tiredness and sleep deprivation put students at risk of depression and high stress More than two thirds (65.5%) of students are experiencing poor sleep quality and this is linked to mental health problems, new research published in the peer-reviewed journal Annals of Human Biology suggests. The findings, based on more than 1,000 (1,113) men and women attending university full-time, also s

NOV 01

The Effects of Education on Mortality
This paper explores the long-run health benefits of education for longevity. Using mortality data from the Social Security Administration (1988-2005) linked to geographic locations in the 1940-census data, the authors exploit changes in college availability across cohorts in local areas. They estimate an intent to treat effect of exposure to an additional 4-year college around age 17 of increasin

OCT 26

Pathways to student motivation
Students’ self-determined motivation (acting out of interest, curiosity, and abiding values) is associated with higher academic well-being, persistence, and achievement. Self-determination theory posits that self-determined motivation is dependent on the satisfaction of three psychological needs (relatedness, competence, and autonomy), which are in turn facilitated through need-supportive behavio
An integrated science and literacy curriculum for kindergartenT
This study examines the efficacy, cost, and implementation of an integrated science and literacy curriculum for kindergarten. The study was conducted in a large urban district and included 1,589 students in 71 classrooms in 21 schools. The research includes a multi-site cluster-randomized controlled trial and mixed-methods cost and implementation studies. Analysis revealed significant impacts on
Parents of higher SES being more likely to believe that parental investments impact child development
Socioeconomic inequalities in child development crystallize at early stages, with associated disparities in parental investment in children. A key to understanding the data patterns is to document the sources underlying the observed inequalities. This study shows that there are dramatic differences in parental beliefs across socioeconomic backgrounds (SES), with parents of higher SES being more l
The impact of school closures during the Corona crisis
This study quantifies the impact of school closures during the Corona crisis on children affected at different ages and coming from households with different parental characteristics. The data suggests that secondary schools were closed for in-person learning for longer periods than elementary schools (implying that younger children experienced less school closures than older children), and that
Free/reduced price lunch eligibility shows large benefits: spending, dietary composition, and food insecurity
This study finds evidence that exposure to universal free school meals through the Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) had a meaningful impact on grocery spending for households with children, with monthly food purchases declining by about $11, or 5 percent. For households in zip codes with higher exposure, the decline is as high as $39 per month, or 19 percent. The composition of food purchase
Biracial Students’ Perceptions of Threat and Belonging Across School Contexts
Stereotype threat posits that students who are members of negatively stereotyped groups in school should feel more threat and less belonging, especially in schools with large achievement disparities and low racial/ethnic minority representation. This research has focused primarily on the experiences of negatively stereotyped monoracial minority students, but for a biracial Black/White student who

 Education Research Report