Sunday, March 19, 2017

SKrashen: Krashen Santa Fe 3: Fiction, heritage language

SKrashen: Krashen Santa Fe 3: Fiction, heritage language:

Krashen Santa Fe 3: Fiction, heritage language

The power of fiction: The UK study
Fiction = great vocabulary builder
Sullivan and Brown, 2014: vocabulary test
1. Reading at age 42 counts, independent of reading at 16 or younger & previous vocabulary.
2. Fiction counts  (more than nonfiction), but not "low-brow"
3. Music counts a little. Reading counts more.
4. Reading counts even when you control for parent occupation and parent education.
5. Reading counts more than your own education AND is independent of your educational level
Sullivan, A. & Brown, M. 2014. Vocabulary from Adolescence to Middle Age. Centre for Longitudinal Studies, University of London

Those who read more, know more. Readers (of fiction) do better on tests of literature, history, cultural literacy, but also SCIENCE, SOCIAL STUDIES and PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE. (Stanovich and colleagues).

Fiction stretches, challenges the mind.
1.      Fiction contributes to an expanded "theory of mind" = understand others' states of mind, ways of thinking, compared to nonfiction. (Kidd & Castono)  
2.      Fiction readers have more tolerance for vagueness, better able to deal with uncertaincy (Djikic,  Oatley, and Moldoveanu,  2013). Based on survey done after reading fiction or nonfiction, eg agree/disagree with: “I don’t like situations that are uncertain," “I dislike questions that can be answered in many different ways.”
3.      Ethics and insight: Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man,  (102), 5/1995,  "You think because I wear this mask I don't know what it's like to have problems?"  also: Batman Returns, The Watchmen
4.      Career success
Simonton (1988) "omnivorous reading in childhood and adolescence correlates positively with ultimate adult success" (p. 11). 
Malcolm X:  ‘What’s your alma mater?’
Michael Faraday (1791-1867): influence of working for a bookbinder for 7 years.

Heritage language development
1.    Popular view: people resist English
2.    The facts: The first language disappears rapidly

Language Use: Spanish-speaking high school students in Miami: Use of Spanish
Prior to elementary school: 85%
Junion High school: 37%
Sr High School: 18%
Informal use during senior year
Parents: 76%
Siblings: 32%
Friends in school: 20%

Portes and Rumbaut, 2001: age 14
Competence in HL and English, 1 = not at all, 4 = very well
Overall English = 3.77,,, HL = 2.75  (n = 4288)
China    English = 3.54,   HL = 2.23
Vietnam  English = 3.42,  HL = 2.54
Mexico    English = 3.62,  HL = 3.33

       3. Should we be concerned? Yes. No disadvantages, only advantages to SKrashen: Krashen Santa Fe 3: Fiction, heritage language:

Krashen Santa Fe 2: some reseaerch, intermediate methods
APPLICATION TO LANGUAGE TEACHING Role of the class: The role of the class: DEVELOP INTERMEDIATES Class is ideal for beginners! Outside world reluctant to provide comprehensible input to beginners. A universal theory of education: Prepare you for the outside world. Beginning level: Methods TPR: Total Physical Response (Asher): Website: / Natural Approach (Terrell) TPRS (Te
Krashen Santa Fe 1: fundamentals
THEORY: A BRIEF REVIEW S. Krashen ; twitter = skrashen The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis: ACQUISITION – subconscious = "picking up" a language - While it is happening, we are not aware that it is happening. - 



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