Saturday, December 4, 2021

THIS WEEK Education Research Report

 Education Research Report

Education Research Report

Teacher Shortages and Additional Certification for Teachers
New York State is experiencing teacher shortages in specific subject areas. There are several ways to address these shortages, including the certification of new teachers and the additional certification of experienced teachers. Using data from the New York State Education Department, REL Northeast & Islands conducted two related studies to better understand the pathways by which both new and exp

DEC 02

Which role models are best for STEM? Researchers offer recommendations in new analysis
Print Email App An analysis of the effect role models have on students’ motivation in studying STEM subjects points to new ways to deploy these leaders in order to encourage learning across different populations. The recommendations provide a resource for parents, teachers, and policymakers seeking to maximize role models’ impact in diversifying the fields of science, technology, engineering, and
College students in declining mental, physical health one year into COVID-19
Print Email App Following research about college students from before COVID-19 with a survey at the pandemic’s Year I mark, an international team of scientists detected no improvement in the students' mental well-being even after the introduction of vaccines and the easing of social distancing methods, let alone a return to campuses in many instances. In fact, the researchers in spring 2021 found
Perceiving sound-letter associations in English can help students learn
CAPTION New study shows that PA and phonics instruction can help English L2 learners read, comprehend, and enjoy English better CREDIT Pusan National University Learning to read in English is not just about using context (e.g., pictures) to guess the meaning of the words on the page but also about being aware of the sounds in words and their use. This ability, called “phonological awareness” (PA)
Can early identification of high-achieving Black, Hispanic, and low-income students as gifted and talented close gaps?
A recent Thomas B. Fordham Institute report examines the achievement growth of Ohio’s “early high achievers,” some of whom are identified as gifted and talented (GT). Its conclusion—which was examined in a new review—was that closing the “gifted identification gap” can help to close the “excellence gap.” Eunice Han and Yongmei Ni of the University of Utah reviewed Ohio’s Lost Einsteins: The Inequ

DEC 01

Third of first year university students have moderate to severe depression/anxiety
Around a third of first year university students have or develop moderate to severe anxiety and/or depression, suggests the first study of its kind, published in the open access journal BMJ Open. Increasing use of prescription (but not prescribed) and illicit drug use among those without mental health issues at the start of their course is associated with greater odds of developing significant le
Positive results for ninth-grade students from the Building Assets, Reducing Risks (BARR) model
T his paper reports the results from a multisite, student-level randomized controlled trial that examined the impact of the Building Assets, Reducing Risks (BARR) model on ninth-grade students. The BARR model is a comprehensive, strength-based approach that uses eight interlocking strategies to build intentional staff-to-staff, staff-to-student, and student-to-student relationships. This student-
Student Learning Changes During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the education of students in Illinois and around the nation. Leaders at the Illinois State Board of Education and in Illinois public school districts wanted to better understand how student learning changed during the pandemic. A new study conducted by REL Midwest examined data from 17 Illinois school districts over five years, including four years prior to the pan

NOV 30

New WWC Intervention Report: Pathway to Academic Success Project for Teachers of English Learners
Today , the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) released an intervention report that reviews the research on the Pathway to Academic Success Project , which trains teachers to improve the reading and writing abilities of English learners who have an intermediate level of English proficiency by incorporating cognitive strategies into reading and writing instruction. The Pathway to Academic Success Proj

NOV 29

Schools may respond to student health and developmental needs with discipline, contributing to school-to-prison pipeline
- Schools with students who have higher levels of substance use and depressed feelings have a higher prevalence of school discipline and school-based police contact, according to a new study at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. Schools with students who felt less safe in school and reported lower school and community support also had a higher prevalence of school discipline. Th
Education and Career Planning in High School
A large proportion of high schools across the country have adopted education and career planning requirements intended to help students prepare for postsecondary education and to facilitate successful transitions to the labor market. As of 2020, 34 states required students to complete an education and/or career plan (ECP) in order to graduate. However, despite the widespread adoption of such requ
Online courses may help students more efficiently graduate college.
Online courses provide flexible learning opportunities, but research suggests that students may learn less and persist at lower rates compared to face-to-face settings. However, few studies have investigated more distal effects of online education. This study analyzed 6 years of institutional data for three cohorts of students in 13 large majors (N = 10,572) at a public research university to exa

NOV 24

School attendance data could play crucial role in targeting mental health support for pupils
Pupils with mental and neurodevelopmental disorders or who self-harm are more likely to miss school – now researchers say these absences are potential indicators of mental health and could be used to target vital support Poor school attendance impacts a child’s future, not just through their educational achievement but also socially and developmentally. Pupils with mental and neurodevelopmental d

NOV 22

Requests for anti-racism classroom curricula increased following recent police brutality events
A new study used data from an online crowdfunding platform for U.S. public school teachers to document the effect of police brutality events and ensuing Black Lives Matter (BLM) protests on requests for anti-racism curricula. The study found a significant increase in requests for books about or by African Americans after local BLM protests related to the death of George Floyd. Most requests were
Preschool Enrollment Increased Before COVID-19
State funding of preschool programs surpassed $9 billion in the District of Columbia and the 44 states that funded preschools in the 2019-20 school year and policymakers are increasingly focusing on early childhood education, including the current administration’s proposed initiative of universal pre-school for 3- and 4-year-olds . These initiatives may facilitate more preschool enrollment, which
Pandemic Schooling Mode and Student Test Scores
This paper estimates the impact of district-level schooling mode (in-person versus hybrid or distance learning) on test scores. The authors combine Spring 2021 state standardized test score data with comprehensive data on schooling in the 2020-21 school year across 12 states. The authors find that pass rates declined compared to prior years and that these declines were larger in districts with le
Effects of College Grade Forgiveness Policies on Student Outcomes
The increased popularity of college Grade Forgiveness policies, which allow students to retake classes and substitute the new grades for the previous grades in their GPA calculations, is controversial yet understudied. This paper is the first to ask whether such policies benefit students and how. To answer these questions, we use student-level admissions and transcript data from a four-year publi

 Education Research Report