Saturday, August 15, 2020

THIS WEEK Education Research Report

 Education Research Report

Education Research Report

Students’ retention, persistence, attainment, withdrawal, stopout, and transfer rates
New Web Tables from the National Center for Education Statistics provide the most recent national statistics on students’ who first began postsecondary education in the 2011–12 year. These tables provide information about the cohort as of 2017, six years after they first started their postsecondary education. Tables across the four reports contain detailed information on students’ characteristics
This First Look report presents findings about young children’s care and education before kindergarten, including participation rates in weekly nonparental care arrangements, how well these arrangements cover work hours, costs of care, months spent in care, location of care, factors used to select a care arrangement, and factors making it difficult to find care. These data represent circumstances

AUG 10

Schooling is critical for cognitive health throughout life
ASSOCIATION FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE SHARE PRINT E-MAIL Investing time in education in childhood and early adulthood expands career opportunities and provides progressively higher salaries. It also conveys certain benefits to health and longevity. A new analysis published in the journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest (PSPI), however, reveals that even though a more extensive formal
Study: Increased presence of law enforcement officers in schools does not improve safety
Concern over the safety of students, teachers, and administrators in U.S. schools continues to grow, in part as a result of school shootings. In response, partnerships between schools and law enforcement agencies have increasingly placed school resource officers (SROs) in schools to boost security. Amid controversy over this practice, a new longitudinal study sought to learn more about the impact
The Effect of Mentoring on School Attendance and Academic Outcomes
In response to budget problems, many urban school systems reduced resources for getting students to come to school, like truancy officers. Chicago, for instance, went from 150 truancy officers down to, in 1991, a total of zero. Is that a good idea? This report explores the effects of increased support by a pro-social adult, or “social capital,” delivered through a structured student monitoring an
College Majors
This article reviews the recent literature on the determinants of college major choices highlighting long-term trends and persistent differences in college major choices by gender, race, and family background. The article then reviews the existing research in six key areas: expected earnings and ability sorting, learning, subjective expectations, non-pecuniary considerations, peer and family effe
Effects of Increased Student Loan Availability on Attainment, Earnings, and Financial Well-Being
Growing reliance on student loans and repayment difficulties have raised concerns of a student debt crisis in the United States. However, little is known about the effects of student borrowing on human capital and long-run financial well-being. This study uses variation induced by recent expansions in federal loan limits, together with administrative schooling, earnings, and credit records, to id

AUG 06

Arts Education Data Resources
Data are critical to ensuring access, participation, quality and equity in education. Reliable data from state education data systems can also help policymakers understand the effect of state policies, help education leaders bring opportunities to all children and help parents identify schools whose offerings best suit their children's needs. A new suite of resources from the State Data Infrastru

AUG 05

The Costs of Cutting School Spending Lessons from the Great Recession
Complete report State budgets are in trouble due to the Covid-19 pandemic, with tax revenues in freefall and steep increases in spending on unemployment insurance, social-welfare programs, and emergency services. That spells budget trouble for schools, since states contribute about half of all public-school funding nationwide. How might cuts to state education spending affect student achievement?
A well-designed grading policies may mitigate bias
A vast research literature documents racial bias in teachers’ evaluations of students. Theory suggests bias may be larger on grading scales with vague or overly general criteria versus scales with clearly specified criteria, raising the possibility that well-designed grading policies may mitigate bias. This 

 Education Research Report