Saturday, November 9, 2019

THIS WEEK Education Research Report

Education Research Report

Education Research Report

High numbers of youth report using prescription opioids in the past year

A new analysis of data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health finds a surprisingly high prevalence of prescription opioid use among youth. As recently as 2015-2016, 21 percent of adolescents and 32 percent of young adults said they had used these drugs in the past year. Nearly 4 percent and 8 percent, respectively, reported misusing opioids. Findings were published this week in PLoS Medi
U.S. Secret Service Analysis of Targeted School Violence

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NOV 07

Ensuring strong and stable substitute teacher pools

Many districts around the country face difficulties in attracting enough substitutes to fill in for teachers who are absent. Given that students are likely to lose ground when their teachers are out, districts are also faced with the added challenge of ensuring that their substitute teachers are proficient. With this in mind, what can districts do to improve the quality of substitute teachers? NC
Importance of postsecondary education in U.S. prisons

As the overwhelming majority of those in U.S. prisons will rejoin society, it is imperative to prepare individuals to transition with effective rehabilitative programs. This report finds that although there is a gap between incarcerated adults and the general public in both literacy and numeracy skills, completion of a postsecondary credential and participation in job training ameliorates the gap
Failure of a Principal Professional Development Program Focused on Instructional Leadership

Principals can play a key role in improving instruction and student achievement. The Institute of Education Sciences conducted a random assignment study of a professional development program for elementary school principals to support state and local efforts to improve school leadership. The program focused on helping principals conduct structured observations of teachers’ classroom instruction a
Crisis in Rural Schools

Despite greater attention to rural America after the 2016 presidential election and bold promises from many state - level and national leaders, many children and families in rural America still don’t have the educational resources and opportunities they dese rve. That’s among the findings of the Rural School and Community Trust’s new 50 - state report on rural education. Why Rural Matters 2018 -
Comparing Early Childhood Environment Rating Scales

The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scales, including the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale–Revised (Harms et al., 2005) and the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale, Third Edition (Harms et al., 2015) are the most widely used observational assessments in early childhood learning environments. The most recent version of the scale addresses some of the criticisms in the research lite
Report about Homeschooling Overreaches on Claims

The Cato Institute recently released a report arguing that homeschoolers should support school choice proposals because greater educational freedom empowers parents to provide richer learning opportunities for their children. Robert Kunzman, Managing Director of the International Center for Home Education Research and a professor at Indiana University, reviewed Homeschooling and Educational Freed

NOV 06

School-based sleep program may benefit adolescents

A recent study uncovered potential long-term benefits of a school-based sleep education program for adolescents. The study, which was published in the Journal of Sleep Research , included 3,622 adolescents, 286 in the intervention group and 3336 in the control group. Data were collected before the intervention and at a one-year follow-up. The intervention consisted of five sessions, 50-60 minutes

NOV 05

The job market is strong for college graduates

Despite fears about a recession, the job market is strong for college graduates - for the 10th consecutive year, according to Michigan State University's Recruiting Trends , the largest annual survey of employers in the nation. In fact, job opportunities are expected to expand by 12% across all degrees in 2019-20, said Phil Gardner, survey author and director of MSU's Collegiate Employment Resear
Many California classrooms don't have sufficient ventilation

Roughly 85 percent of recently installed HVAC systems in K-12 classrooms investigated in California did not provide adequate ventilation, according to a study from the University of California, Davis, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). For the study, published in the journal Building and Environment , researchers visited 104 classrooms in 11 schools throughout California th
Early Decision Harms Students of Color and Low-Income Students

Source: Center for American Progress In early November, thousands of hardworking students across the country will send in their early decision or early action applications for coveted spots at the nation’s most prestigious colleges. These early admissions processes—which provide a way for colleges to identify the most passionate applicants and give them a better chance of admission to their dream
Study Reports High Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among US Students in 2019

About 1 in 4 high school students and 10% of middle school students in 2019 reported current use of electronic cigarettes based on nationally representative survey data from U.S. students in grades six to 12. The findings suggest an estimated 4.1 million high school students and 1.2 million middle school students are using e-cigarettes in 2019. This study included about 19,000 participants in the
Accelerated Study in Associate Programs (ASAP) Shows Positive Findings for Community College Students

The What Works Clearinghouse recently reviewed the research on Accelerated Study in Associate Programs (ASAP) and its impacts on community college students. The results are summarized in an intervention report released today , November 5, 2019, by the Institute of Education Sciences. ASAP is a three-year program that is designed to remove barriers to college success and completion for students se
How U.S. 8th-grade students’ computer and information literacy and computational thinking compared internationally in 2018

The United States participated in the 2018 International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS) along with 13 other education systems . ICILS is sponsored by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). ICILS assesses 8th-grade students in two domains: computer and information literacy (CIL) and computational thinking (CT) . It also compares U.S. stu

NOV 04

Decline in College Readiness Continues: New ACT Report

Some students buck the trend by taking rigorous courses in high school ACT score data show mixed results in terms of college readiness among ACT-tested 2019 U.S. high school graduates. This is according to nonprofit ACT’s annual report, The Condition of College and Career Readiness 2019 , which was released today. A slight decline in college readiness is continuing in general, particularly longer
High School Performance Matters Most in College Admission Decisions

While this past year’s news about college admission was largely dominated by the Varsity Blues bribery scandal , new survey data from the National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC) shows that — for most students — getting into college is a fair and straightforward process. According to NACAC’s recently released 2019 State of College Admission report , a student’s high school re
The Effects of Financial Aid Grant Offers on Postsecondary Educational Outcomes:

This study analyzes the effects of need-based financial aid grant offers on the educational outcomes of low-income college students based on a large-scale randomized experiment (n=48,804). Th´ authors find evidence that the grant offers increase two-year persistence by 1.7 percentage points among authorsfour-year college students. The estimated effect on six-year bachelor’s degree completion is o
Common App Has Wide-Ranging Effects on College Admissions

After they join the program, colleges experience a 10 percent jump in the number of applications for admission; over a decade, that growth rises to 25 percent. The rapid expansion of a program enabling students to fill out a single application when applying to multiple colleges and universities has enabled participating institutions to enroll a larger percentage of out-of-state and foreign studen

NOV 01

Nearly 1 Million Students with Some College Returned and Earned a Degree Since 2014

“Some College, No Degree” Report Reveals 3.5 Million Americans with Some College Have High Potential to Return and Finish College The United States saw nearly one million former students, in just five years, return to postsecondary education and earn their first undergraduate credential, according to a new report, “Some College, No Degree: A 2019 Snapshot for the Nation and 50 States,” released t

Student engagement and hope are significantly related to student academic outcomes

Complete report With the current shift in U.S. education policies putting a priority on social-emotional learning (SEL), the importance of teachers and schools having SEL resources -- proven to create positive student outcomes -- 
Education Research Report