Saturday, September 19, 2020

THIS WEEK Education Research Report

  Education Research Report

Education Research Report


Quizzes improve academic performance
About a year ago, a conversation during a faculty meeting piqued Marcus Crede's interest. A senior faculty member in Iowa State University's Department of Psychology said that he believed frequent quizzes help students better grasp classroom material. Crede, an associate professor of psychology, was skeptical that something as simple as a quiz could positively impact students' academic performanc
More than a billion school meals not served during pandemic: Study
Major efforts by states and school districts make up some of the gaps, but shortfalls remain School closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted access to low or no-cost school breakfast and lunch programs for millions of low-income children. States and school districts developed innovative solutions to meet the nutritional needs of children and respond to the rapidly growing food insecurity c
Public school teachers earn about 20% less in weekly wages than nonteacher college graduates
Complete report As we have shown in our more than a decade and a half of work on the topic, there has been a long-trending erosion of teacher wages and compensation relative to other college graduates. 1 Simply put, teachers are paid less (in wages and compensation) than other college-educated workers with similar experience and other characteristics, and this financial penalty discourages colleg

SEP 16

Systematic parental training helps the well-being of preschool children with ADHD
Research findings from Aarhus University and the Central Denmark Region's Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Centre show that quality of life is poorer for preschool children with ADHD compared to children from the control population. But the children's quality of life can be significantly improved using treatment without medication. Hyperactivity, difficulty concentrating, impulsive behaviour and
Texting Parents Improves Attendance in Elementary School
A new report finds that text messaging parents in specific ways improved attendance among 26,000 elementary school students. Can Texting Parents Improve Attendance in Elementary School? presents findings from a study that tested four versions of an adaptive text messaging strategy. In the fall parents were randomly assigned to receive “basic” messaging—texts about the importance of attendance and
Teacher Preparation and Employment Outcomes of Beginning Teachers
Full report REL Northeast & Islands examined employment outcomes for beginning teachers in Rhode Island who completed a teacher preparation program in the state between 2012/13 and 2016/17 and went on to teach for at least one year in the state public school system. The study found: After three years about a third of the teachers were still teaching in their initial school. A third were teaching
The association between teacher leadership and student achievement
Full report Teacher leadership is commonly discussed in educational research and practice. Yet, the relationship between teacher leadership and student achievement has not been soundly established by empirical evidence. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the extent to which teacher leadership was related to students’ academic achievement. The results revealed that teacher leadership
Teacher Turnover and Access to Effective Teachers
Teacher turnover can be expensive and disruptive to schools and students and can reduce access to effective teachers. A new REL Mid-Atlantic report examines access to effective teachers, factors related to teacher turnover, and the role of turnover in the equitable distribution of effective teachers in the School District of Philadelphia. The study examined teachers who taught kindergarten throug

SEP 15

Gender harassment and institutional betrayal in high school take toll on mental health
High school students who endure gender harassment in schools that don't respond well enter college and adulthood with potential mental health challenges, according to a University of Oregon study. The study, published last month in PLOS ONE , found that 97 percent of women and 96 percent of men from a pool of 535 undergraduate college students had endured at least one instance of gender harassmen
Study examines impact of teacher burnout on student behavior, discipline issues
IMAGE: COLLEEN EDDY IS A DOCTORAL STUDENT IN THE MU COLLEGE OF EDUCATION. view more CREDIT: MU COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Just how stressed are teachers? A recent Gallup poll found teachers are tied with nurses for the most stressful occupation in America today. Unfortunately, that stress can have a trickle-down effect on their students, leading to disruptive behavior that results in student suspension

SEP 14

Gender stereotypes correlated with grading and assessment behavior - STEM
In recent years, explicit bias against women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) is disappearing but gender discrimination is still prevalent. This study assessed the gender-biased behavior and related explicit and implicit stereotypes of 93 math teachers to identify the psychological origins of such discrimination. The authors asked the teachers to grade math exam papers and asse
School turnaround is associated with improved attendance, standardized test scores, and graduation rates
School turnaround has emerged as a predominant strategy to improve chronically low-performing schools, although the approach remains controversial. This meta-analysis synthesizes results from 35 studies to examine the relationship between school turnaround and various student outcomes. The authors find that school turnaround is associated with improved attendance, standardized test scores, and gr

SEP 12

Mediterranean diet protects against rheumatoid arthritis
PRINT E-MAIL Previous research has demonstrated a variety of health benefits associated with the Mediterranean diet, which is rich in olive oil, cereals, fruit and vegetables, fish, and a moderate amount of dairy, meat, and wine. Now results from an analysis published in Arthritis & Rheumatology suggest that the diet may also help prevent rheumatoid arthritis in individuals who smoke or used to s
Factors linked to college aspirations, enrollment, and success
A recent study has identified certain factors associated with a greater likelihood that a high school student will decide to attend college, enroll in college the fall semester immediately following high school graduation, and then return to that same college a year later as a retained college student. 

 Education Research Report