Saturday, July 11, 2020

THIS WEEK Education Research Report

Education Research Report

Education Research Report

Higher fruit, vegetable and whole grain intake linked to lower risk of diabetes
Higher consumption of fruit, vegetables and whole grain foods are associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to two studies published by The BMJ today. The findings suggest that even a modest increase in consumption of these foods as part of a healthy diet could help prevent type 2 diabetes. In the first study, a team of European researchers examined the association bet
Large within- and between-country inequalities in early childhood developmental delay
Full report Background The Sustainable Development Goals call for inclusive, equitable and quality learning opportunities for all. This is especially important for children, to ensure they all develop to their full potential. We studied the prevalence and inequalities of suspected delay in child development in 63 low- and middle-income countries. Methods We used the early child development module

JUL 09

More than half of US students experience summer learning losses five years in a row
These students on average lose nearly 40 percent of their school year gains Following U.S. students across five summers between grades 1 and 6, a little more than half (52 percent) experienced learning losses in all five summers, according to a large national study published today. Students in this group lost an average of 39 percent of their total school year gains during each summer. The study
Science education community should withdraw from international tests
The science community should withdraw from involvement in international tests such as PISA because they have forced schools to adopt "narrow" curricula and pedagogies, a study says. Researchers examining the future of science lessons post-covid have also urged teachers and educators to develop a new focus on the environment and health. They have argued children need to learn more about the comple

JUL 08

Healthier school food and physical activity environments matter for childhood obesity
School food choices and number of physical activity facilities are associated with students' BMI, Rutgers study finds Students at elementary and secondary schools that offer healthier food offerings and more opportunities for physical activities have a healthier body mass index, according to Rutgers researchers. The study, published in Preventive Medicine Reports , uses professional measures of s
Postsecondary Tuition, Fees and Degrees
Between 2017–18 and 2019–20, the average tuition and required fees at 4-year public institutions increased less than 1 percent for in-state and decreased approximately 1 percent for out-of-state students (after adjusting for inflation). During that same time period, tuition and required fees increased approximately 1 percent at 4-year nonprofit institutions and decreased by a little more than 3 p
Gifted Students Aren't Perfectionistic
There is a rich literature on perfectionism among gifted individuals, but the results of these individual studies are ambiguous. This meta-analysis aimed to clarify the nature of the relationship between perfectionism and giftedness by focusing on quantitative studies that compared the perfectionism levels of gifted and nongifted students. Hedge’s unbiased g was used as the effect size metric and
Work-Based Learning
This Policy Outline provides a high-level overview of the key agencies, funding sources and common state policy components that make up a work-based learning continuum in any state.
Employment Outcomes for Associate’s Degree Completers and Noncompleters
Three years after beginning their postsecondary education in 2011–12, 72 percent of certificate students who attained a credential and 59 percent of certificate students who left without a credential were employed. Among associate’s degree students, the percentages were 77 and 70 percent, respectively. Today , July 8, the National Center for Education Statistics released First-time Subbaccalaurea
Relations Between Achievement and Self-Concept
According to the internal/external frame of reference model, academic achievement has a strong impact on people’s self-concept, both within and between subjects. This article describes a series of meta-analyses of k = 505 data sets containing the six bivariate correlations between achievement and self-concept in two subjects. Negative paths from achievement to noncorresponding self-concept, indic
Book Giveaway Programs Promote the Home Literacy Environment and Children’s Literacy-Related Behavior and Skills
Full article Book giveaway programs provide free books to families with infants to encourage caregivers to begin reading to their children during infancy. This meta-analysis of 44 studies retrieved from 43 articles tests the effects of three major book giveaway programs: Bookstart (n = 11), Reach Out and Read (n = 18), and Imagination Library (n = 15). Effect sizes were aggregated within two doma
Investigating Efficacy of an Online Mathematics Homework Intervention
Full article The authors report on a randomized controlled trial of an intervention that leverages the availability of laptops for all public-school students in the state of Maine. The intervention, called “ASSISTments,” provides feedback to students as they solve mathematics homework problems and automatically prepares reports for teachers about student performance on daily assignments. Teachers
Impacts of an Early Childhood Mathematics and Science Intervention on Teaching Practices and Child Outcomes
This randomized controlled trial examined effects of the MyTeachingPartner-Math/Science intervention on the quality and quantity of teachers’ mathematics and science instruction, and children’s mathematics and science outcomes in 140 pre-kindergarten classrooms. Teachers participated in the intervention for two years with consecutive cohorts of children. Results from Year 1 are considered experim

JUL 07

Targeted taxes and school lunch policies benefit low-income populations
Targeted taxes on sweetened beverages and policies that strengthen nutritional standards for meals and beverages at schools may be effective tools for decreasing the purchase of sweetened drinks and reducing obesity among children living in poverty, according to two studies led by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The studies will be published online July 7, 2020 in Heal
Colleges that emphasize activism have more civically engaged students X
Students tend to be more engaged in activism if the school that they attend emphasizes social and political issues, according to new research featuring faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York. A research team including Binghamton University Assistant Professor of Student Affairs Administration John Zilvinskis examined survey responses to an experimental itemset of the Natio
Early childhood education centers can boost parents' engagement at home X
COVID-19 has temporarily shuttered many early childhood education centers across the country, shifting full-time child care and teaching responsibilities largely to parents. As some of those centers look toward reopening, they can play an important part in ensuring that parents continue to be engaged in their children's education at home, says University of Arizona researcher Melissa Barnett. In

JUL 06

The Impressive Effects of Tutoring on PreK-12 Learning
Tutoring—defined as one-on-one or small-group instructional programming by teachers, paraprofessionals, volunteers, or parents—is one of the most versatile and potentially transformative educational tools in use today. Within the past decade, dozens of preK-12 tutoring experiments have been conducted, varying widely in their approach, context, and cost. This stud y represents the first systematic
Class Rank and Long-Run Outcomes
This paper considers an unavoidable feature of the school environment, class rank. What are the long run effects of a student’s ordinal rank in elementary school? Using administrative data from all public school students in Texas, the authors show that students with a higher third grade academic rank, conditional on achievement and classroom fixed effects, have higher subsequent test scores, are
Culture and Student Achievement: Patience and Risk-Taking
Patience and risk-taking – two cultural traits that steer intertemporal decision-making – are fundamental to human capital investment decisions. To understand how they contribute to international differences in student achievement, we combine PISA tests with the Global Preference Survey. This study finds that opposing effects of patience (positive) and risk-taking (negative) together account for
Using Data from Schools and Child Welfare Agencies to Predict Near-Term Academic Risks
School districts want to know how to identify students who may be at risk of academic problems in the near future. A new REL Mid-Atlantic study shows how school and child welfare agency data can be used to identify students at risk for absenteeism, suspensions, course failure, poor grades, and low performance on state tests. By identifying students who are likely to experience these precursors to

JUL 02

Prospective teachers misperceive Black children as angry
Study findings suggest ramifications for Black youth AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION Prospective teachers appear more likely to misperceive Black children as angry than white children, which may undermine the education of Black youth, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. While previous research has documented this effect in adults, this is the first st
Gender gaps in STEM college majors emerge in high school
Although studies have shown that women are more likely than men to enter and complete college in U.S. higher education, women are less likely to earn degrees in science, technology, engineering and math fields. In new research, 

Education Research Report